Increases in flood magnitudes in California under warming climates

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Das, T., Maurer, E. P., Pierce, D. W., Dettinger, M. D., Cayan, D. R.

Downscaled and hydrologically modeled projections from an ensemble of 16 Global Climate Models sug-
gest that flooding may become more intense on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountains, the
primary source for California’s managed water system. By the end of the 21st century, all 16 climate
projections for the high greenhouse-gas emission SRES A2 scenario yield larger floods with return periods
ranging 2–50 years for both the Northern Sierra Nevada and Southern Sierra Nevada, regardless of the
direction of change in mean precipitation. By end of century, discharges from the Northern Sierra Nevada
with 50-year return periods increase by 30–90% depending on climate model, compared to historical
values. Corresponding flood flows from the Southern Sierra increase by 50–100%. The increases in
simulated 50 year flood flows are larger (at 95% confidence level) than would be expected due to natural
variability by as early as 2035 for the SRES A2 scenario.


Das, T., E. P. Maurer, D. W. Pierce, M. D. Dettinger, and D. R. Cayan. 2013. Increases in flood magnitudes in California under warming climates. Journal of Hydrology 501:101–110.