Traditional Ecological Knowledge for Application by Service Scientists
Traditional Ecological Knowledge, also called by other names including Indigenous Knowledge or Native Science, (hereafter, TEK) refers to the evolving knowledge acquired by indigenous and local peoples over hundreds or thousands of years through direct contact with the environment. This knowledge is specific to a location and includes the relationships between plants, animals, natural phenomena, landscapes and timing of events that are used for lifeways, including but not limited to hunting, fishing, trapping, agriculture, and forestry.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2011. Traditional Ecological Knowledge for Application by Service Scientists. Retrieved from http://www.fws.gov/nativeamerican/pdf/tek-fact-sheet.pdf.