Dataset

2016 Great Basin BCM (Basin Characterization Model) Downscaled Climate and Hydrology - 30-year Summaries

Commons Hosting
Climate Commons Hosting Status: 
Accepted
Discussion Forum
Basic Information
This catalog record describes the 30-year statistical summary of the 2014 Great Basin BCM, to be hosted on this website. You may also be interested in the California BCM, also hosted on this website

The Great Basin BCM (Basin Characterization Model) dataset provides historical and projected climate and hydrologic surfaces for the region that encompasses the Great Basin, including much of Nevada and portions of surrounding states. The GB-BCM 2014 applies a monthly regional water-balance model to simulate hydrologic responses to climate at the spatial resolution of a 270-m grid (see this comparison of raster resolutions).

The model has been calibrated using a total of 159 relatively unimpaired watersheds for the California region. The historical data is based on 800m PRISM data spatially downscaled to 270 m using the gradient-inverse distance squared approach (GIDS), and the projected climate surfaces include five CMIP-3 and nine CMIP-5 General Circulation Models under a range of emission scenarios or representative concentration pathways (RCPs) for a total of 18 futures that have been statistically downscaled using BCSD to 800 m and further downscaled using GIDS to 270 m for model application.

The BCM approach uses a regional water balance model based on this high resolution precipitation and temperature as well as elevation, geology, and soils to produce surfaces for the following variables: precipitation, air temperature, April 1st snowpack, recharge, runoff, potential evapotranspiration (PET), actual evapotranspiration, and climatic water deficit, a parameter that is calculated as PET minus actual evapotranspiration.

The revised modeling for the GB-BCM described in Flint et al. 2013, referenced below, includes the updated 800-m spatial resolution climate data from PRISM, the county level soils data (SSURGO) for the entire state, and more rigorous snow and PET calibrations for California. This dataset included updates to all the basin calibrations as well. The future climate projections included the original 4 projections that were revised with bias-corrections to the 800-m historical PRISM climate, plus an additional 3 projections from the CMIP3 dataset (IPCC 4th Assessment Report) and 11 projections from the CMIP5 datasets (IPCC 5th Assessment Report). These projections included a range of emissions scenarios and representative concentration pathways. All projections were processed by the BCM to provide hydrologic response to 18 future climates.

The data available online are all meaningful combinations of the following parameters:

GCMs and ES/RCP
combinations (for futures only)
Variables Statistics 30-year summary
time periods
CMIP 5 RCP45:
ACCESS1_0
CANESM2
CRNM_CM5
GFDL_ESM2M
HADGEM2_ES
MIROC_ESM
CMIP 5 RCP85:
ACCESS1_0
CANESM2
CRNM_CM5
GFDL_ESM2M
HADGEM2_ES
MIROC_ESM
precipitation
max temp
min temp
climatic water deficit
potential ET
actual ET
April 1 snowpack
recharge
runoff
average (ave)
standard deviation (std)
detrended standard deviation (dsd).
Historic:
1921-1950
1951-1980
1981-2010

Projected:
2010-2039
2040-2069
2070-2099

Please see:
The Basin Characterization Model Downscaled Climate and Hydrology Dataset for more information about the BCM datasets.

Disclaimer: 
Data Disclaimer: The data are released on the condition that neither the USGS nor the United States Government may be held liable for any damages resulting from their authorized or unauthorized use. Although the data have been subjected to rigorous review and are substantially complete, the USGS reserves the right to revise the data pursuant to further analysis and review. Furthermore, the data are released on the condition that neither the USGS nor the United States Government may be held liable for any damages resulting from their authorized or unauthorized use. Limitations of use: The user of this data should be aware that these model outputs are intended for watershed-scale evaluation. Use of the data for analyses at a scale smaller than the planning watershed is not intended and could yield misleading results.
Creator: 
Flint, Lorraine E., Alan L. Flint, org: USGS
Contributor: 
Thorne, James H., Ryan Boynton, org: UC Davis
Publisher: 
California Climate Commons
Spatial Resolution: 
270m
Temporal Coverage: 
1921-2099
Date Issued: 
March 2015
Parameters / Choices
A dataset often contains many geodata layers representing the same kind of measurement, but for different values of some parameters - time periods, models or scenarios, different species, etc. A value must be chosen for each such parameter in order to select a specific layer or raster which associated a single value with each geographic location (cell). The parameters or choices relevant to selecting layers from this dataset are described here.
Time Units: 
30-year summaries
Multi-year Ranges: 
Historic: 1921-1950, 1951-1980, 1981-2010 Projected: 2010-2039, 2040-2069, 2070-2099.
Raster Grids available: